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BMW 5 series E39

Since 1996-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



BMW E39
+ Introduction
+ The maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Introduction
   Current leaving
   The general information on adjustment
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Replacement of an element of the air filter
   Replacement of the filter of air of salon
   Check of brake system
   The visual control of the bottom and body elements
   Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Wheels and tyres. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. “Секретки” wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Condition check приводных belts
   Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics. Replacement of an element of a food брелка ДУ
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Greasing запорных devices
   Visual check of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Replacement of a brake liquid
   Replacement of a liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
   Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Removal of air from fuel system of the diesel engine
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils of a manual box of a gear change
   Replacement of a lubricant liquid of differential
   Check of a thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics



Replacement of a liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling

EACH 3 YEARS, IRRESPECTIVE OF RUN

Do not suppose antifreeze hit on your skin and the painted surfaces of the car. At hit immediately wash off a plentiful quantity of water. Antifreeze is extremely toxic and mortally dangerous at hit in an organism. Do not leave antifreeze in the open container or spilt on a floor; its sweetish smell can easily involve in itself children or pets. Consult about local rules of recycling of the fulfilled antifreeze. In many areas there are special centres on its acceptance.

The cooling system should regularly, each three years within the limits of Maintenance service carrying out, be drained, washed out and again be filled. This procedure is made for quality maintenance охладительной mixes and preventions of formation of corrosion which reduces an overall performance of system of cooling and can serve as an engine cause of a failure. During service of system of cooling it is necessary to check also a condition of all hoses and a cover of a radiator and in case of need to replace defective components.

At work the following tool is required to you:
   a) the Jack and supports.
   b) the Big flat screw-driver or a coin.
   c) Nakidnoj a key or a set of heads.
   d) Capacity for liquid gathering.

- including a warm season - it is necessary to apply a mix to system filling from antifreeze and not containing to exhaust at its finest. Is better to apply to this purpose the distilled water excluding occurrence of adjournment. Antifreeze should be resolved firm BMW and should not contain some nitrites and аминов (should be specified on packing).

For movement continuation on the car, in particular, in the summer in system it is possible to add pure water. Antifreeze can be added later, but as soon as possible.

As consolidation of a drain stopper of the block of cylinders the aluminium ring And 14 х 18 is applied.

Removal of a liquid from system

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. If the car has just returned from a trip, before the beginning of procedure wait some hours before full cooling of the engine.
3. A heater in salon put on the maximum capacity.
4. After the engine has cooled down, uncover a radiator. If the cover has to be opened, when the engine has cooled down not completely, do it slowly and with observance of precautions to avoid burns, and remove thus pressure in system. Then turn away a stopper completely and remove it.

The cooling system is under pressure. The stopper acts in film only at temperature of a cooling liquid more low + 60С. For stopper removal put on it a thick rag.

5. Lift and establish a forward part of the car on supports. Remove the bottom guard of an impellent compartment, address to Section Check of system of cooling.

6. Substitute under a radiator pure capacity and turn away a drain stopper of a radiator. The stopper turns away the big flat screw-driver or a coin. Address to an accompanying illustration.

7. Substitute under the engine capacity and turn out a drain stopper (the marksman on an accompanying illustration) on the block of cylinders. The stopper is under a final collector.

8. Completely merge a liquid. While the cooler pours out, check up a condition of hoses of a radiator, a heater and collars (if necessary address to Section Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and a steering).
9. Replace defective hoses and collars.

The cooling liquid is poisonous. To throw out it, in particular, with a household waste it is impossible. The information on the locations of points of reception should be presented local authorities.

10. Screw a drain stopper with a new lining in the block of cylinders and tighten its moment of 40 Nanometers.
11. A drain stopper on a radiator tighten slightly. For this purpose it is possible to take advantage of a coin inserted into a cut of a stopper.

Washing

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. After full drainage of system wash out a radiator pure water from a garden hose so that from a drain aperture or the bottom hose pure water poured out. If the radiator has strongly rusted, is damaged or proceeds, it is necessary to remove and send it in repair shop to the expert in radiators.
2. The washing described above will remove various adjournment from a radiator, but cannot remove a rust and a scum from surfaces of the engine and a cooling pipe. All can be removed it by means of a chemical cleaner. For performance of this procedure follow instructions of the manufacturer of a cleaner. Before engine washing open a drain stopper of the block of cylinders.
3. On accordingly equipped models remove переливной a hose from a broad tank. Drain a tank, wash out its pure water and connect a hose.

Filling of system with a liquid

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Fill in a broad tank to edges with a new cooling liquid.

2. Open a ventilating stopper (the arrow on an accompanying illustration) above at a radiator, near to a broad tank, will not go yet a liquid which is not containing vials of air.

3. Open a stopper (the arrow on an accompanying illustration) on a tube of a cooling liquid around the oil filter, will not go yet a liquid which is not containing vials of air.

4. Close ventilating stoppers and add a liquid in a broad tank.
5. 525tds: here removal of air from system occurs automatically through the top pipeline of a separate broad tank. Ventilating stoppers here are not present.
6. Close a broad tank a stopper. Work of the engine with an open stopper, since is not supposed. It can lead to damages.
7. Start the engine. Establish a heater in position “WARM” (Warmly) also warm up the engine. Tolchkoobraznymi pressing a gas pedal support number of turns of the engine not less than 2500 rpm. In the course of removal of air from system level of a cooling liquid will fall to mark Max put on a broad tank.
8. Switch off ignition.

Add a liquid in system after engine cooling. Otherwise at отворачивании stoppers the burn is possible!

9. On the cold engine fill in a liquid to mark Max of a broad tank, address to Section illustrations “Check of level of a cooling liquid”.
10. Once again open ventilating stoppers and check up, that the liquid left without air vials. Close a stopper of a radiator and ventilating stoppers.
11. Check up visually tightness of system of cooling, in particular, joining of hoses and a drain stopper.

Check of frost resistance of antifreeze

The following tool is necessary for check:
The device for check of density of the cooling liquid, available on sale or on filling stations.

Before the beginning of a winter season it is necessary to check concentration of antifreeze, especially, if in system in the course of previous operation pure water was added.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Start and warm up the engine so that the top hose going to a radiator has got warm.
2. Cautiously open a stopper of a broad tank.

Do not open a stopper on the hot engine, instructions in Section “Check of level of a cooling liquid” see.

3. Suck away a liquid the device for check of density and check up density under float indications. Address to an accompanying illustration. In our widths antifreeze should protect system to temperature-35S. It corresponds to a volume parity of water and antifreeze 1:1.

Addition in system of concentrate BMW

The radiator of system of cooling and heater are executed from aluminium. For this reason it is necessary to apply only means to protection against freezing and the corrosion, resolved by firm BMW.

At addition антифризного a concentrate take advantage of the data of Specifications.

For example: Measurement of concentration of antifreeze shows protection against freezing to - 10С. In this case from system it is necessary to merge 3.0 l of a liquid and to fill in 3.0 l of a pure concentrate. It will provide protection of system of cooling to temperature - 35С. Address to Specifications.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Close a radiator stopper, pass on the car and again check up antifreeze.
Visual check of tightness of system of cooling
2. Check up hoses of system of cooling on presence of a time. For this purpose compress and bend them. In the presence of the raised rigidity of a hose replace it.
3. Hoses should come far enough on the union. Check up reliability of fastening of hoses collars. If necessary replace collars.
4. Check up consolidation of a stopper of a broad tank.

Low level of a cooling liquid can be a consequence wrong навинчивания of a tank stopper.

5. If level of a cooling liquid often goes down without presence of any obvious leak check up system at the heated-up engine. If on the heated-up engine the liquid follows from an aperture under the pump of a cooling liquid, the reason in damage of an epiploon of the pump. Replace the pump.
6. Considerable loss of a cooling liquid and-or oil presence in liquids, and also a white exhaust on the heated-up engine specify in damage of a lining of a head of cylinders.

To find a place of leak of a liquid it is difficult enough. It is recommended to inspect system pressure. It is recommended to check up also a stopper safety valve, address to Section Check of system of cooling.