BMW 5 series E39

Since 1996-2001 of release

Repair and car operation



BMW E39
+ Introduction
+ The maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Introduction
   Current leaving
   The general information on adjustment
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
   Replacement of an element of the air filter
   Replacement of the filter of air of salon
   Check of brake system
   The visual control of the bottom and body elements
   Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
   Wheels and tyres. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. “Секретки” wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
   Condition check приводных belts
   Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics. Replacement of an element of a food брелка ДУ
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel engine
   Check of functioning of system of cooling
   Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Greasing запорных devices
   Visual check of seat belts
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Replacement of a brake liquid
   Replacement of a liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling
   Sediment removal, replacement of the fuel filter. Removal of air from fuel system of the diesel engine
   Replacement трансмиссионного oils of a manual box of a gear change
   Replacement of a lubricant liquid of differential
   Check of a thickness of a conducted disk of coupling
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Electric equipment schemes
+ System of onboard diagnostics



Check of levels of liquids

Procedures of check of level the liquids made through each 400 km of run or weekly are more low described. The description of other checks of levels of a liquid can be found further in the Sections devoted to specific procedures of service. Irrespective of check intervals under the schedule do not suppose, that the liquid followed under the car, such leaks specify in malfunction which should be eliminated immediately.

Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake and systems of washing of a windscreen. In view of the gradual expense and-or pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Familiarise with Section “Types and volumes of applied greasings and liquids” in Specifications before to start to доливанию liquids in any of the listed components.

At any check of level of a liquid the car should stand on an equal surface.

Card of viscosity of applied impellent oils

1 — cars with the diesel engine: BMW 525 tds

2 — cars with the petrol engine: BMW 520i, 528i, 535i, 540i

3 — cars with the diesel or petrol engine: special grades of oil BMW

The visual control of leaks of oil

At pollution of the engine by oil and the raised expense of oil check up places of its possible leaks.

 CHECK

a) Open a cover of a jellied mouth and check up a lining.
b) Ventilation картера: For example, ventilating hoses from картерной parts of the block of cylinders to the case of camshafts and from the case of camshafts to the air collector case.
c) the Lining of a cover of a head of cylinders.
d) the Lining of a head of cylinders.
e) the Lining of the oil filter: the Oil filter around a flange.
f) the Sealing ring of a drain stopper.
g) the Gauge of pressure of oil.
h) pallet Consolidation картера.
i) Forward and back epiploons of distributive and cranked shaft.

At presence негерметичности oil is distributed, as a rule, on the big surface of the engine that complicates definition of a place of leak. Search of a place of leak of oil is necessary for making as follows:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Wash out the engine. Spray the engine an autocleaner and after a while spray water. Preliminary cover the generator polyethylene.
2. Strew joints and consolidations on the engine известью or a talc powder.
3. Check up oil level. If necessary add.
4. Pass on the car. Thus oil gets warm and becomes more fluid. For this purpose it is necessary to pass on the car about 30 km with enough great speed.
5. After that stop the car and survey its lamp. The found out leaks eliminate.

Check of level of impellent oil

Щуп for measurement of level of oil

The cover of a jellied mouth of oil is located in a cover of a head of cylinders - each time before to open it, be convinced that a surface round a mouth the pure

Oil level in the engine should be checked each 1000 km of run. If necessary oil is necessary for adding.

The oil expense should not exceed 1 l on 1000 km of run. The bolshy expense specifies in deterioration маслоотражательных caps.

 ORDER OF PERFORMANCE CHECK REMOVAL INSTALLATION

1. At measurement of level of oil the car should stand on an equal horizontal platform.

2. After a stop of the engine wait not less than 3 mines that oil has merged in the pallet картера.


3. Take out the index of level of oil and wipe its pure rag.

4. Insert the level index into place against the stop and again take out. Oil level should lie between two marks, it is desirable at level or is close from top of them - if it not so, add oil to the top label

5. For lifting of level of oil from the minimum label on щупе to maximum one litre of oil is required. Do not suppose falling of level below the minimum label since oil starvation can lead to engine damage. On the other hand, overflow of the engine by oil (доливание above the maximum mark) can be at the bottom замасливания of spark plugs, leaks of oil or failure of epiploons.

6. Oil is filled in through a mouth on a cover of a head of cylinders. Watch that oil of a corresponding grade was added, for this purpose address to Specifications.

Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure. Constant falling of level of oil specifies or in presence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or ослабшие connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through the worn out piston rings or through directing plugs of valves). Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy colour or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it specifies in possible infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders or crack presence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing щупа spend on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found out stuck on щуп particles of a dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (address to Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter)

Do not pour oil above the top label. It will lead to increase in the expense of oil and can cause damages of the engine and каталитического the converter.

On models 520i, 523i, 528i the broad tank (the cooler tank) fastens to a radiator - make sure that liquid level remains on or about a label “MAX”.

On models 525tds the broad tank (the cooler tank) is located in a lateral part of an impellent compartment - uncover and add a cooler.

Engine cooler

Do not suppose antifreeze hit on your skin or on the painted surfaces of the car. If it nevertheless has occurred, immediately смойте antifreeze a plentiful quantity of water. Antifreeze is extremely toxic in a case hit in an organism. Never leave it without supervision in the open container or spilt on a floor; or animals its sweet smell can involve children, and they can drink it. Agree with local authorities about destruction of the used antifreeze.

All cars considered in the given Management, are equipped by system of cooling with superfluous pressure of compensatory type. The broad tank is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator. In process of a warming up of the engine in the course of its work the extending cooler fills a tank. At cooling of the engine the cooler automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant value of its level.

Check of level of a cooler in the tank should be made regularly. Add 40 %/60 %-s' mix of antifreeze on a basis этиленгликоля with not containing to exhaust pure water.

Do not uncover a jellied mouth of a broad tank or a cover of a radiator for check of level of a cooler before full cooling of the engine! Level in the tank fluctuates depending on engine temperature. When the engine cold, cooler level should be above a label “LOW” on the tank. In process of heating of the engine level should come nearer to a label “FULL”. If it not so, allow to the engine to cool down and then uncover the tank.

Banish the car and again measure cooler level. If to the necessary level it is required to add only a cooler small amount for this purpose it is possible to use pure water. However frequent additions of water will dilute antifreeze. To provide a normal parity of antifreeze and water, always add to the necessary level a demanded mix.

If cooler level falls regularly in system leak presence is possible. Examine a radiator, hoses, a cover of a mouth, a stopper plum and the water pump (address to Section Replacement of a liquid of system of cooling. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of system of cooling) If any leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a broad tank and a radiator in dealer branch of service BMW.

If you need to uncover, wait, while the engine completely will cool down, then wrap up a piece of thick rags round a cover and turn away it to the first emphasis. If thus from under a cover steam or a cooler starts to be pulled out, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, and only then uncover.

It is necessary to check up a cooler condition also. It should be rather pure. If the liquid has brown or rusty colour, it it is necessary to merge, wash out system and to fill with its new mix. Even if the cooler looks normally, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion in due course lose the efficiency, therefore it is necessary to replace it through certain time intervals.

Check up tightness if liquid level quickly goes down, address to Section Check of system of cooling.

Brake liquid and coupling liquid

The brake liquid can harm your eyes and damage the painted surfaces of the car, therefore be extremely cautious at the reference with it. Do not use a brake liquid which long time stood opened, or which more than one year. The brake liquid has property to absorb a moisture from air that can lead to dangerous loss of efficiency of brake system. Use only the recommended type of a brake liquid. Mixing of various types of a liquid (such as DOT 3 or 4 and DOT 5) can lead to refusal of brake system.

The tank of a brake liquid/liquid of a hydrodrive of coupling is in an impellent compartment. It has two chambers, everyone on the contour of braking. The carving stopper has a ventilating aperture. It is necessary to watch that it did not get littered.

The tank transparent that allows to observe of liquid level in it. Decrease in level below mark MIN is signalled to the driver by fire of a control lamp. Nevertheless, it is recommended to supervise from time to time the tank visually.

CHECK OF LEVEL OF THE BRAKE LIQUID

1. Remove a box of the microfilter of air of salon from outside the driver, address to Section Replacement of the filter of air of salon.

2. Liquid level at the closed stopper should not be above mark MAX and not below a label mark “MIN” on the translucent tank - uncover and add a liquid. For check of a control lamp press the contact specified by an arrow.

3. Fill in in system only a brake liquid resulted in Specifications.

4. Owing to deterioration of a disk brake probably insignificant fall of level of a brake liquid. It is considered normal.

5. If liquid level considerably goes down during a short time interval, it is a sign of leaks.

6. In this case it is necessary to reveal places of leaks of a liquid urgently. It is better to make on HUNDRED.

Check of working capacity of a control lamp

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Include ignition. Release a lay brake.

2. Press a finger contact in a stopper of the tank, the marksman illustrations.

3. The assistant thus should watch, whether the control lamp in the block of the panel of devices lights up. If the lamp does not light up, check up an electric chain.

4. Establish into place a box of the microfilter of air of salon (Section Replacement of the filter of air of salon)

Liquid of a washer of a windscreen

The liquid for windscreen washing is in the plastic tank on the right in an impellent compartment.

Position of a ball in a tube corresponds to liquid level in the tank. 0 - empty, I - full

In areas with a temperate climate it is possible to fill system with usual water, but the tank should be filled no more, than on two third that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water at freezing. In areas with cold environmental conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for system of washing of the windscreen, reducing a freezing point of a liquid which can be got in any shop of automobile accessories. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready kind. If you have got the concentrated antifreeze, mix it with water according to the instruction of the manufacturer on packing.

The tank glass - and фароомывателей is located in the right part of an impellent compartment

The tank of a washer of intensive clearing of glasses is located in the right part of an impellent compartment. Fill in a nonfreezing concentrate without diluting water.

Do not use antifreeze of system of cooling - it will damage the painted surfaces of the car.